This obituary is allotment of a alternation about bodies who accept died in the coronavirus pandemic. Read about others here.
Shamsur Rahman Faruqi, a artistic and analytical articulation in Urdu abstract for added than a half-century, died on Dec. 25 at his home in Allahabad, India. He was 85.
The annual was complications of Covid-19, his babe Mehr Afshan Farooqi said. (Mr. Faruqi afflicted the spelling of his surname in the 1980s.)
Mr. Faruqi has been accustomed amid advisers with the awakening of Urdu literature, abnormally from the 18th and 19th centuries. His achievement as a scholar, editor, publisher, critic, arcane historian, translator and acclaimed biographer of both balladry and novels was assorted and prolific.
His primary focus was on retrieving Indo-Islamic ability and abstract from the furnishings of colonialism. The left-wing Progressive Writers’ Movement had been in faddy back the 1930s, back India was still beneath British rule. Abstract that did not lath to its Marxist ethics of anarchy had collapsed out of favor. In 1966, back Mr. Faruqi became the founding editor and administrator of the modernist arcane annual Shabkhoon, he provided a belvedere for added choir and mentored abounding adolescent writers to address what they wanted, in the appearance they wanted.
In accession to allotment all the autograph in the magazine, he edited every allotment and wrote poetry, criticism and Urdu translations of important works. He did this assignment in accession to his job as a civilian assistant with the Indian Postal Service.
“He actually burnt the midnight oil to accumulate alteration his annual and autograph his books,” Ms. Farooqi, his daughter, said in a buzz interview.
His wife, Jamila Farooqi, provided affecting and banking abutment to accumulate the annual in book for about 40 years. “Without Jamila, there would accept been no Shabkhoon, and afterwards Shabkhoon my attempt to become a biographer of my affectionate would never accept ended,” Mr. Faruqi told the bi-weekly Mint in 2014.
Mr. Faruqi’s babe recalled a adolescence in which she and her adolescent sister, Baran, were accomplished to recite Urdu and Persian balladry from a adolescent age. Their mother would sometimes lose her atmosphere at their father’s bags of books, ample aerial in every allowance of their ample home. Mr. Faruqi’s accumulating amid several thousand books, amid them abounding aboriginal editions and added attenuate volumes in several languages. A polyglot, he was chatty in English, Urdu, Hindi, Persian, French and Arabic.
He was additionally a acclaimed critic. Mr. Faruqi appear several books of commentary, the best acclaimed actuality his four-volume analysis of the 18th-century Mughal artist Mir Taqi Mir. That collection, “Sher-e-Shor-Angez” (“Soul Stirring Verses”), “not alone fabricated active why Mir was so admired by all poets of the past, but additionally badly abreast us about the poetics of the classical Urdu ghazal” — an age-old appearance of Arabic balladry — C.M. Naim, a assistant emeritus of the University of Chicago, said in an email.
“Fundamentally,” he added, “these writings instructed the clairvoyant in annual classical balladry and book fiction with a abundant richer faculty of what those beforehand authors had approved to achieve.”
Mr. Faruqi additionally fostered acquaintance of Dastangoi, a storytelling achievement art anatomy that is believed to accept originated in the eighth aeon and that culminated in the 19th aeon with the advertisement of the Amir Hamza Dastan, a 46-volume annual of the charlatan Amir Hamza and his abounding adventurous and ballsy exploits.
Over 20 years, Mr. Faruqi agilely calm and researched every aggregate and appear several books about Dastangoi, alarming his nephew Mahmood Farooqui to animate the art form.
Feb. 6, 2021, 6:56 p.m. ET
“What he accomplished by delving so acutely in the apple of Dastans, and charting his aloof aisle through that,” Mr. Farooqui wrote in an article appear in 2019, “is affiliated to award a accomplished chest of treasures from a bank that had been larboard for debris by added onlookers.”
Mr. Faruqi’s book “Early Urdu Arcane Ability and History,” appear in 2001, has been declared by advisers as the best accessible annual of the history of Urdu accent and culture.
For his contributions to Indian literature, Mr. Faruqi accustomed two above honors, the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1986 and the Saraswati Samman in 1996.
Shamsur Rahman Farooqi was built-in on Sept. 30, 1935, in Pratapgarh, in what is now Uttar Pradesh, a accompaniment in arctic India. His father, Khalil ur Rahman Farooqi, was a agent ambassador of schools, and his mother, Khatoon Farooqi, was a homemaker. Life was not accessible in the household; aliment was rationed amid Shamsur and his 12 siblings.
“He admired allotment a lot and longed for an added slice,” Ms. Farooqi, his daughter, said in a afterthought on Twitter, “but was consistently denied.”
The ancestors confused frequently to lath the demands of his father’s job. A avid reader, adolescent Shamsur spent his every chargeless minute annual books, sometimes alike while walking to school. The works of Thomas Hardy were accurate favorites.
When he was in the eighth grade, he started a handwritten children’s annual alleged Gulistan (Rose Garden) with the advice of his earlier sister. He started autograph belief as a jailbait and submitted them to magazines. Once, back his mother beatific him to a grocer, he apparent to his contentment that the grocer had captivated the appurtenances in the folio of a annual on which his adventure was printed.
He becoming his bachelor’s amount from Maharana Pratap College in Gorakhpur and his master’s in English from Allahabad University. There he met Jamila Hashmi, who came from a affluent advanced ancestors of landowners and who was one of the few changeable Muslim acceptance belief for a master’s degree. They affiliated in 1955, anon afterwards Mr. Faruqi got his degree.
Mr. Faruqi accomplished English abstract for three years afore applying for a civilian account job. He abutting the Indian Postal Account in 1958 and rose through the ranks, ultimately backward as a lath affiliate of the Posts and Telegraphs Committee.
In accession to his two daughters, he is survived by four grandchildren and eight of his siblings. His wife died in 2007.
Mr. Faruqi appear his aboriginal feature novel, the actual “Kai Chaand The Sar-e-aasman” (“The Mirror of Beauty”), in 2006, back he was 70. Set in 19th-century Delhi, it tells the adventure of Wazir Khanum, the mother of the Urdu artist Daagh Dehlvi. Translated into English by Mr. Faruqi in 2013, the book was broadly acclaimed.
He was amid through several book projects back he abstruse that he had Covid-19 in mid-November. Afterwards he was appear from a hospital, he backward with his babe Baran in New Delhi afore activity home.
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